Cardiac arrhythmia is an irregularity in the normal force or rhythm of the heartbeat.
It is the result of greatly enhanced or reduced heart beats and electrical activity in the cavity and heart muscle. Irregular heart palpitations and rhythms can create much discomfort and anxiety. They can lead to a paralytic stroke or embolus.
Learn about symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia
Among different symptoms, the most usual one is the irregular and sudden development of reduced or increased heartbeat. The result of palpitations might be consistent, common or uncommon. Most of the time, this situation is harmless but it could lead to harmful outcomes if you ignore it.
There are a few of kinds of irregular heartbeats that do not even reveal any kind of symptoms. Nonetheless, they are not recognized with increased mortality when they do not show; they do tell the patient that they have a higher risk of blood clotting. Besides, there are other signs of stroke, cardiac death, and heart attack.
How about the treatment of this disease?
With an ECG or electrocardiogram or the stethoscope auscultation, a doctor can find out cardiac arrhythmia. The choice of treatment is selected after careful examination of the condition. Medical emergency treatment can help to avoid a total heart failure.
Here are some common treatments that you should check out:
- Antiarrhythmic medicines
Some antiarrhythmic medications are now available with varied actions. But it’s crucial for this medicine to be carefully chosen and controlled under medical supervision. The drugs are administered to slow down the electrical irregularity and consist of "rate control" in order to make the condition physically tolerable.
- Electrical cautery
This method is performed with the help of sensitive probes. The probes are injected to map electrical activity via the surrounding blood vessels. When the irregular conduction areas are discovered they will be cured through cold, heat, electrical or laser probes.
The electricity includes shock therapy through implanted electrodes. The shock is conveyed across the heart, either internally or externally. Cardioversion to the primary heartbeat aids with the cure of abnormal ones. To the elective cardioversion, the patient will be calm; meanwhile, using defibrillation through an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, the recipient is insensible most of the time. Cardiac pacing is used to prompt reversible heartbeats or bradycardia.
- Physical exercises
This method will enhance parasympathetic nervous supply. The result of blockage of electrical conduction slows down an arrhythmia. The vagal maneuvers will conduct the heart's parasympathetic nervous supply and provide for better heart health.
Last Updated : 08/2016